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WNMP环境安装

2022-03-23
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03/23

WNMP环境安装

window10下的nignx+mysql+php7安装过程,我们把环境安装再 E:\WNMP 文件夹中

1.安装Nignx

先下载nginx https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.18.0.zip ,解压放到E:\WNMP 目录中

打开配置文件E:\WNMP\nginx-1.18.0\conf

  • /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; 更改为$document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
  • 在最后一个}上添加include vhosts/*.conf;这行代表E:\WNMP\nginx-1.18.0\vhosts\这个目录下所有已.conf的文件都作为虚拟主机

启动nginx,在E:\WNMP\nginx-1.18.0\ 目录下,打开cmd直接在命令行输入nginx.ext,窗口不要关闭

2.安装PHP

下载php7 https://windows.php.net/downloads/releases/archives/php-7.2.9-Win32-VC15-x64.zip 因为我的是64位的所以下载这个版本,下载好后解压放在E:\WNMP

复制php.ini-developmentphp.ini,打开php.ini修改配置信息

  • 搜索extension_dir,找到: extension_dir = "ext" 先去前面的分号再改为 extension_dir = "E:WNMPphp-7.2.9ext"
  • 搜索date.timezone,找到:date.timezone = 先去前面的分号再改为 date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
  • 搜索enable_dl,找到:enable_dl = Off 改为 enable_dl = On
  • 搜索cgi.force_redirect 先去前面的分号再改为 cgi.force_redirect = 0
  • 搜索fastcgi.impersonate = 1 去掉前面的分号
  • 搜索cgi.rfc2616_headers,先去前面的分号再改为 cgi.rfc2616_headers = 1
  • 搜索php_mysql,找到:extension=php_mysql.dll和extension=php_mysqli.dll 去掉前面的;extension=php_mysql.dll和extension=php_mysqli.dll (支持MYSQL数据库)

php-cgi运行进程 E:\WNMP\php-7.2.9\php-cgi.exe -b 127.0.0.1:9000 -c E:\WNMP\php-7.2.9\php.ini

3.安装Mysql5.7

下载mysql http://iso.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/mysql-ftp/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.37-winx64.zip,下载完毕后解压到E:\WNMP\Mysql5.7.37中,在新建一个my.ini配置文件内容如下:

[mysql]
# 设置mysql客户端默认字符集
default-character-set=utf8 
[mysqld]
#设置3306端口
port = 3306 
# 设置mysql的安装目录
basedir=E:\\WNMP\\mysql-5.7.37
# 允许最大连接数
max_connections=200
# 服务端使用的字符集默认为8比特编码的latin1字符集
character-set-server=utf8mb4
# 创建新表时将使用的默认存储引擎
default-storage-engine=INNODB

以管理员的方式打开cmd命令窗口(直接打开cmd运行,可能会报错),并且进入到mysql安装目录的bin目录下。然后

输命令:mysqld install
--显示成功

再输入:mysqld --initialize
-- 此时应该没有任何提示

再输入:net start mysql

另注:第一次登陆MYSQL时,会提示要求输入初始密码,这是考虑安全因素,命令:mysqld –initialize会随机生成密码。
初始密码在上图data文件夹下的xxx.err文件中,可以用记事本打开,用ctrl+f 查找功能找到如下一行记录:
[Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: NZ+uhXPq1zN.
其中NZ+uhXPq1zN.即为初始密码(注意.号不要漏了)

进入后可以用如下命令修改,这里密码改为root:
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'root';

刷新权限:flush privileges

注册到Windows服务中

使用nssm下载 地址 http://www.nssm.cc/release/nssm-2.24.zip

需要在命令行下执行
#安装服务
nssm install <servicename>
#删除服务的命令是
nssm remove <servicename>

安装nginx服务

安装php7.2服务

PHP Xdebug 配置信息

地址下载:https://xdebug.org/wizard,需要把当前使用中的php.ini文件复制进去然后下载。

[xdebug]
zend_extension=php_xdebug-3.1.3-7.2-vc15-x86_64.dll
xdebug.mode=develop,debug,trace
xdebug.client_host = 127.0.0.1     ;配置启动调试连接时 Xdebug 将尝试连接的 IP 地址或主机名
xdebug.client_port = 9010        ;在远程主机上尝试连接的端口
xdebug.idekey=PHPSTORM
xdebug.connect_timeout_ms = 200  ;在 IDE 上等待确认传入调试连接的时间量(以毫秒为单位)
xdebug.log="E:\systemCache\xdebug\log"
xdebug.output_dir="E:\systemCache\xdebug\output_dir"

Windows cmd 查看监听的80端口进程

netstat -aon | findstr 80

Windows cmd 停止指定pid进程

taskkill /pid 4896 /f

taskkill /pid 6028 /f

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    2021-08-15

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