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git clone 解决Permission Denied (publickey)问题

2022-05-17
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05/17

git clone 解决Permission Denied (publickey)问题

npm install 安装包也会碰到类似的情况,解决方法都一样;

本地git bash 使用git clone git@github.com:*.git方式下载github代码至本地时需要依赖ssh key,遇到权限不足问题时一般都是SSH key失效或者SSH key不存在,重新创建SSH key一般就可以解决问题;

步骤一、检查本地ssh key是否存在

  1. windows下 开始 -- 搜索框输入 git bash,打开git bash窗口
  2. git base窗口中输入指令 ls ~/.ssh/ 来检查ssh key是否存在
  3. 如果key不存在则按照步骤二重新生成,ssh key已存在则跳过步骤二,执行步骤三

步骤二、生成ssh key

  1. 继续步骤一的git bash窗口执行指令:

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 2048 -C "你自己的邮箱地址"

修改邮箱地址为你自己的邮箱地址,注意此处邮箱地址前后的双引号为英文格式双引号;

  1. 指令执行后页面提示:

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/c/Users/*/.ssh/id_rsa):

*表示你自己的当前登录用户名,不做修改直接回车,会将生成的rsa文件保存为默认名称

再次回车提示:

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
提示设置提交/l拉取代码到Github时需要的密码及确认密码;

设置密码后再次回车提示Your identification has been saved in.... 即表示ssh key生成成功

步骤三、添加sshkey至ssh-agent

  1. 执行eval "$(ssh-agent -s)" 确认ssh-agent处于开启状态,打印pid... 表示启用中
  2. 执行指令ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa 添加ssh key至ssh agent,此步会要求输入步骤二设置的密码

需要注意的是此处可能报错:Could not open a connection to your authentication agent,我的解决办法是关掉当前git bash窗口,重新以管理员身份运行git bash 即解决问题

步骤四、添加ssh key至guthub

1、登录 https://github.com/ 在页面右上角自己头像右边箭头处右击,弹框中进入setting功能

2、setting界面右边菜单选择SSH and GPG keys,选择新建SSH keys,

保存即可

步骤五:git clone下载代码

步骤结束,此时再尝试本地使用git clone方式下载代码即可

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  1. admin
    2021-08-15

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